Muscle Injuries ( Muscle Tear) and Treatments
As a result of Muscle Injuries ( Muscle Tear) and tendon tears, the muscle structure can sometimes break from the bone tissue and sometimes from its own muscle tissue. Immobility occurs because the muscles that move the bone are torn. Immobility as a result of the pain felt also causes pain. During the examination, it can be understood where the tear is and how much the muscle has been torn. In early diagnosis; Pain can be relieved with PRP, medication and needle therapy. For this reason, it is very important to consult a specialist as soon as the pain is felt.
Be Careful When Lifting Heavy Loads
Muscle tearing is popularly known as fiber rupture or muscle pulling. It is a partial or complete loss of the integrity of the muscle tissue. Muscle tears occur after the muscle tissue is stretched beyond its capacity and is subjected to sudden or ongoing excessively demanding activities. Lifting heavy loads, reducing the resistance of the muscle by being exposed to the load for a long time, trauma and accidents are the main reasons for the formation of muscle tears.
Importance Of Warming Up Before Sports
Although advanced age seems to be an important cause of muscle rupture, the majority of patients admitted to the hospital due to muscle rupture are young people. Challenging sports branches that require endurance and continuity such as football, basketball and athletics carry a risk in terms of muscle tear. In addition, muscle tears can be seen frequently in athletes who are interested in branches that require sudden-explosive effort such as weightlifting and weight sports. The possibility of injury increases significantly in sports activities without adequate warming up. Although the amount and duration of the warm-up exercises differ from person to person, they should not be less than 15 minutes.
Symptoms of muscle tearing are as follows;
- Hypersensitivity to touch
- Bruising and swelling on the skin
- Limitation in movement
- Cramping in the injured area
- Collapse in the torn area
Early Diagnosis And Treatment
The treatment to be applied in muscle tear may differ according to the region of the muscle tear and the degree of tearing.
Among The Treatments Applied in Mild Tears;
- Edema and pain relieving medication are given.
Applying ice, massage and bandaging can be done. It is possible to treat the majority of mild tears with only rest, exercise restriction, drug therapy, PRP and needle therapy. If there is intramuscular bleeding in more advanced injuries, measures and treatments to stop or reduce bleeding may be required. In the treatment of some muscle tears, surgical procedures may be required.
Simple treatments are sufficient in the vast majority of muscle tears. Tears that may require surgical procedure are most commonly required in the rotator cuff muscles in the shoulder region, Achilles muscle tears in the heel region, and rarely in the biceps muscle tears in the arm. Muscle tear does not go away on its own. On the contrary, as the torn muscle is strained, the patient may be more difficult to treat. As soon as the muscle tear is noticed, treatment with non-surgical procedures can be planned. However, if it is neglected, surgery may be necessary.