Orthodontics

Orthodontic treatment



Orthodontics and dent facial orthopedics is a specifiedbranch of dentistry, concerned with the study and treatment of malocclusions (improper bites) and teeth displacements. A dentist specialized in orthodontics is called an orthodontist.



How do orthodontic malformations occur? Treatment methods?


Deformations of the jaw bone ae most commonly a genetically factor. If the case, an appropriate treatment should be considered regarding the age of the patient. İf the patient is in the adolescence age facing jaw deformations they can easily be treated successfully with this method. In the case of the patient being an adult, orthodontic treatments may intervene together with orthodontic surgery. Depending on dysfunctionalproblems (breathing from the mouth) jaw deformations may occur. İn a patients breathing fromthe mouth the upper jaw is observed to be narrow in the shape of a V.

· Main causes for malocclusion is the permanent use of a baby bottler, thumb sucking and tooth loss. Habits must be changed as soon as possible (between 7 to 10 years old). İt is likely if the habit changes, a basic treatment of the malformation to be sufficient. İf habits are spotted at an early age they can be regulated with the help of appropriate wires. Functional deformation of the upper jaw can be treated with appropriate orthodontic devices.
· Sometimes the child inherits the jaw structure of the mother and the teeth size of the father, which creates an incompliance. İf the jawbone is wide together with small sides teeth, considerable spaces between teeth will occur and vice-versa.
· İf the size of the tongue is a lot bigger than the normal tongue size; together with extracted teeth, gaps may also cause spaces between teeth.
· İf the jawbone is narrow and the teeth have a bigger size teeth will become crooked.
· Another reason for misaligned teeth is the loss of primary teeth. Every tooth has its proper time to fall out. If a tooth dedicated to fall out at the age of 10 falls out at the early age of eight other teeth slide to replace the gap between teeth leaving no space foot the permanent tooth to appear. In such cases the tooth appears at the inner or front side to the bend, in some cases it stays recessed.



Does an orthodontic treatment applicable at every age?



Orthodontic treatment has no age limit. Nevertheless, treatment planning and period may vary regarding to age. Lately, adult orthodontics gained popularity all over the world. Using porcelain braces is a real solution to minimize aesthetic concerns. An important alternative for adults orthodontics are lingual or transparent braces used in orthodontic treatments.



Is an orthodontic treatment painful?



Teeth are changing place and moving during our whole life, especially in cases, where with the effect of chewing in time and age teeth may become crooked, even with people who have never had an orthodontic treatment before. After terminating the orthodontic treatment, teeth take considerable time to get used to their new position and get the new bone structure support the new structure. That is the main reason why, once the braces removed dentists must absolutely pass to the consolidating procedure. During this treatment, thin retainers may be prescribed to allow the teeth and gums to further stabilize around your new tooth alignment.



Do braces cause tooth decays?



Braces do certainly not cause cavities or decays over teeth. On the contrary, at the places where braces are founded over teeth have a protectivecover that prevents teeth from cavities. However, as the sides of braces are suitable to hold more bacteria, danger of cavities is elevatescomrade to a non- braced mouth. As long as dental and oral health protections are elevated and bacterial arias properly cleaned the risk factor is eliminated.

Orthodontics

Can teeth be brushed once braces are placed?



Once braces installed teeth can be brushed as easily as it used to be before. There is no possibility for braces to be broken or damaged. However, as a deeper cleaning is requested brushing must be done in more attentive and careful way. There are some specially designed up and side brushed dedicated for such use.



What do patients need to take care about once the braces are applied?



Patients must avoid eating hardly digestive food as it may damage the surface of braces. Fruits such as apples and pears must be consummated in slices, not by biting. Especially aliments such as olives and plums must be consummated once their core removed with precaution. Drinking sugar added sodas and chewing gums is not a preferable.



What is the approximate treatment period for orthodontics?



The treatment period for orthodontics depends on patıent’s age, the scale of the problem as well as the type of treatment to be applied. However, patient’s compliance is the most important element of the treatment. If the patient attends his/her visits to the dentist regularly, if he/she pays attention to maintain a higher degree of oral health, if braces are not often broken, if the use of apparatus and prescribed materials, the treatment should be completed in some short period of time. In case the planning is well scheduled and the patient’s compliance is high, even the most severe treatment may not exceed 2.5 years. Average treatment period is 1.5 years. On the other hand, treatments terminated in a year’s time are also observed.



Do the already fixed teeth with the orthodontic therapy have the risk to fail again?



The treatment period for orthodontics depends on patıent’s age, the scale of the problem as well as the type of treatment to be applied. However, patient’s compliance is the most important element of the treatment. If the patient attends his/her visits to the dentist regularly, if he/she pays attention to maintain a higher degree of oral health, if braces are not often broken, if the use of apparatus and prescribed materials, the treatment should be completed in some short period of time. In case the planning is well scheduled and the patient’s compliance is high, even the most severe treatment may not exceed 2.5 years. Average treatment period is 1.5 years. On the other hand, treatments terminated in a year’s time are also observed.


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